Download Biomedical applications of electroactive polymer actuators by Federico Carpi, Elisabeth Smela PDF

By Federico Carpi, Elisabeth Smela

Giving basic info on probably the most promising households of clever fabrics, electroactive polymers (EAP) this interesting new titles specializes in the different biomedical purposes made attainable through these kind of fabrics and their similar actuation applied sciences. every one bankruptcy presents an outline of the categorical EAP fabric and gadget configuration used, fabric processing, equipment assembling and trying out, in addition to an outline of the biomedical software.

Edited via well-respected lecturers within the box of electroactive polymers with contributions from popular foreign specialists, this is often a good source for commercial and educational learn scientists, engineers, technicians and graduate scholars operating with polymer actuators or within the fields of polymer technological know-how.

 

Show description

Read Online or Download Biomedical applications of electroactive polymer actuators PDF

Best semiconductors books

Physics of Semiconductor Devices

This publication describes the elemental physics of semiconductors, together with the hierarchy of delivery types, and connects the speculation with the functioning of tangible semiconductor units. info are labored out conscientiously and derived from the elemental physics, whereas preserving the inner coherence of the ideas and explaining a number of degrees of approximation.

Run-to-run control in semiconductor manufacturing

Run-to-run (R2R) keep watch over is state-of-the-art expertise that enables amendment of a product recipe among laptop "runs," thereby minimizing procedure go with the flow, shift, and variability-and with them, bills. Its effectiveness has been tested in various techniques, resembling vapor section epitaxy, lithography, and chemical mechanical planarization.

Nitride Semiconductor Devices

This can be the 1st booklet to be released on actual ideas, mathematical types, and sensible simulation of GaN-based units. Gallium nitride and its comparable compounds permit the fabrication of hugely effective light-emitting diodes and lasers for a wide spectrum of wavelengths, starting from crimson via yellow and eco-friendly to blue and ultraviolet.

Additional info for Biomedical applications of electroactive polymer actuators

Sample text

Madden, J. D. , Vandesteeg, N. , Anquetil, P. , et al. (2004) Artificial muscle technology: physical principles and naval prospects, IEEE J. , 29, 3, 706–28. 3. , Sun, S-T. and Ueno-Nishio, S. , 218, 467–9. 4. , et al. (1995) Bending of Polyelectrolyte MembranePlatinum Composites by Electric Stimuli, I. Response Characteristics to Various Waveforms, Polym. J. 27, 4, 436–40. 5. Baughman, R. H. (1996) Conducting polymer artificial muscles, Synth. , 78, 339–53. 6. Baughman, R. , Zakhidov, A. , et al.

Early work on gel actuation by Katchalsky–Katzir demonstrated that engines could be built using the chemical energy in diluting a lithium bromide solution to drive contraction and expansion of a collagen belt [5]. In essence, the collagen expands to take up the salt solution or contract to exclude the water. This change is both a molecular conformation change and a volume change. Other chemically driven gels, for instance polyacrylic acid fibers [6] which respond to a pH change, also rely on a solubility change giving rise to a volume change.

1 Biological Gels In biology there are many examples of structural gels in the marine environment, including seaweeds and the bodies of many invertebrates, such as sea anemones. In the human body, cartilage, cornea, the dermis and arterial wall are all fiber-reinforced gels. Although soft and not very strong, these materials are very tough and so survive the impacts of life in motion better than many hard materials in machines. Polymer Gel Actuators: Fundamentals 9 Many biological tissues show a ‘J-shaped’ tensile stress–strain curve [8] that combines a low initial modulus with high strength.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.79 of 5 – based on 32 votes