By Gabriel Conder, John Rendle, Sarah Kidd, Dr Rakesh R. Misra
A-Z of belly Radiology presents a concise, simply available radiological consultant to the imaging of the typical issues of the stomach and pelvis. Organised by way of A-Z, each one access provides quick access to the major medical beneficial properties of the situation. part 1 stories the suitable radiological anatomy of the stomach and pelvis. this is often by way of over eighty stomach issues, directory features, medical good points, radiological beneficial properties and proper scientific administration. every one affliction is extremely illustrated to help prognosis. A-Z of stomach Radiology is a useful fast reference for the busy clinician and aide memoir for examination revision in either medication and radiology.
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Extra info for A-Z of Abdominal Radiology
Presence of ascites and peritoneal nodules. A Adnexal masses Bilateral ovarian carcinomata (asterisks). The right ovarian mass is predominantly solid while the left is largely cystic with eccentric wall thickening. Right ovarian carcinoma: axial T1W MRI pre- and postcontrast. Large enhancing solid right adnexal mass (arrow). 27 A Adrenal masses A to Z of Abdominal Radiology Clinical characteristics • The adrenal glands have a ‘Y’ configuration with an anteromedial body and two posterior limbs.
However, one-third may have an atypical presentation. • Complications include localised perforation, abscess formation and generalised peritonitis. Rarely an obstructed appendix becomes distended by abnormal accumulation of mucus, forming an appendix mucocoele. Radiological features • AXR: • Is neither sensitive nor specific but can provide clues. • The presence of a calcified appendicolith in the RLQ, combined with abdominal pain, has a high positive predictive value for acute appendicitis. • Other signs are less specific and include caecal wall thickening, smallbowel ileus and decreased small-bowel gas in the RIF.
Imaging features of ovarian neoplasias are rarely definitively diagnostic. A Adnexal masses Ovarian cyst. Follicular cyst within the right ovary (arrow). Large anechoic right ovarian cyst (c) indenting the superior aspect of the bladder (b). 23 A A to Z of Abdominal Radiology 24 Radiological features • AXR: plain films do not have a role in the diagnosis of adnexal pathology. g. calcification within an ovarian dermoid cyst). • Contrast studies: • The hysterosalpingogram is used to demonstrate the uterine tubes using x-ray screening following the instillation of iodinated contrast into the uterine cavity via the cervical os.