By Frances Fischbach RN BSN MSN, Marshall B. Dunning III BS MS PhD
Prepare your scholars to convey secure, powerful, and proficient take care of sufferers who're present process diagnostic checks and tactics with the 9th version of A handbook of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests. geared up the way in which a nurse thinks—by specimen and function—this confirmed ebook describes an in depth array of exams for various populations, supplying step by step tips on right technique, advice for exact interpretation, and professional details on sufferer guidance and aftercare.
Featuring extra checks, up to date reference values, and insurance of the newest advances in CT scans, nuclear scans, and genetics, this version keeps the association and assurance that experience made it the best reference and point-of-care consultant for tutorial and perform settings.
This 9th variation is observed via an entire on-line instructing and studying package deal that comes with case experiences for software, a variety of in-class actions and assignments, and Blackboard and WebCT cartridges for direction management.
- Prepare for perform with checks grouped in response to specimen, functionality, and try style (blood, urine, stool, cerebrospinal fluid, etc.).
- Learn very important details to bear in mind while imposing checks with “Clinical signals” that spotlight serious security information.
- Easily locate the try you’re trying to find whether you don’t be aware of the precise identify with a presentation that helps the way in which a nurse thinks.
- Master key info with necessary counsel, inclusion of either traditional and SI devices, and assurance of scientific implications for elevated and diminished values.
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Additional resources for A Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests
Clear, written instructions can reinforce verbal instructions and should be used whenever possible. In some cases, a translator, sign language interpreter, or legal representative may be necessary. 7. Assess for language and cultural barriers. Patients behave according to personal values, perceptions, beliefs, traditions, and cultural and ethnic influences. Take these into consideration and value the patient’s uniqueness to the highest degree possible. 8. Document accurately in all testing phases.
Document accurately in all testing phases. Patient Education Educate the patient and family regarding the testing process and what will be expected of them. Record the date, time, type of teaching, information given, and person to whom the information was given. 1. Giving sensory and objective information that relates to what the patient will likely physically feel and the equipment that will be used is important so that patients can envision a realistic representation of what will occur. Avoid technical and medical jargon and adapt information to the patient’s level of understanding.
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Incorrect specimen collection, handling, storage, or labeling Wrong preservative or lack of preservative Delayed specimen delivery Incorrect or incomplete patient preparation Hemolyzed blood samples Incomplete sample collection, especially of timed samples Old or deteriorating specimens Patient factors that can alter test results may include the following: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. , time patient last ate) Time of day Pregnancy Level of patient knowledge and understanding of testing process Stress Nonadherence or noncompliance with instructions and pretest preparation Undisclosed drug or alcohol use Age and gender Avoiding Errors To avoid costly mistakes, know what equipment and supplies are needed and how the test is performed.